Grammar Linguistics

Learn the Spanish Verbs Ir, Dar, and Estar

If you find it challenging to understand the conjugation of the Spanish verbs ir, dar, and estar, then this article is for you. Today we’ll learn how these verbs differ from other verbs. Let’s get started.

The key is in the first person singular 

The verbs ir (to go), dar (to give), and estar (to be) are irregular verbs because they are conjugated differently for the first person singular pronoun yo (I). For the rest of the pronouns, the conjugation is the same as for any other regular verb ending in -ar

Note: Ir is also irregular for the fact that its present and past simple conjugations are spelled completely differently from its infinitive form. The past simple conjugation for this verb would be as follows: yo fui, fuiste, él/ella fue, nosotros fuimos, ustedes fueron, ellos/ellas fueron. As for the present tense conjugation, we will present it to you in the table below.

Let’s take a look at the following table showing the present simple of ir, dar, and estar:

PronounIrDarEstar
Yovoydoyestoy
vasdasestás
Él/Ella/Esovadaestá
Nosotrosvamosdamosestamos
Ustedesvandanestán
Ellos/Ellasvandanestán

As you can see, the only conjugation that differs from the others is the one for yo. Here are a few examples to illustrate this:

Tip: Click on any of the linked sentences in this article (while on a mobile) to add them directly to your Fluent Forever app, so you can study them later. Don’t have our app yet? Download it here!

The above sentences show how to use these verbs in the first person singular. But what about all the other pronouns? Let’s see some more examples:

As you can see, when using a pronoun other than yo—such as the second person singular and the first person plural nosotros—we conjugate these verbs as we would regular verbs ending in -ar.

Great! Now you know how to conjugate ir, dar, and estar, and how to use these verbs in your Spanish sentences.


Written by Humberto Aparicio

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